Document Detail

Decreased birth weight in infants of alcoholic women who abstained during pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7373483     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Fifty infants born to women who reported total abstinence during pregnancy, but who had a history of alcoholism prior to conception, were compared to 50 infants born to alcoholic women who reported drinking heavily during pregnancy, and to 50 infants of nonalcoholic controls. Mean birth weight of infants born to the abstinent alcoholics was 258 gm less than mean birth weight of the control infants. Infants of drinking alcoholics weighed 493 gm less than the control infants. These differences in offspring birth weight were statistically significant after adjusting for maternal smoking, height, age, and parity, as well as gestational age and sex of child. This finding suggests that a history of maternal alcoholism may pose a risk to fetal growth independent of alcohol use during the pregnancy.
R E Little; A P Streissguth; H M Barr; C S Herman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of pediatrics     Volume:  96     ISSN:  0022-3476     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr.     Publication Date:  1980 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1980-07-26     Completed Date:  1980-07-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375410     Medline TA:  J Pediatr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  974-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Alcoholism / complications*
Birth Weight*
Body Height
Fetal Growth Retardation / etiology*
Gestational Age
Infant, Newborn
Maternal Age
Pregnancy Complications*
Retrospective Studies
Sex Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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