Document Detail


Decline in neonatal mortality, 1968 to 1977: better babies or better care?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6835736     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A state's declining neonatal mortality rate was studied over the decade 1968 to 1977 to determine how much of the decrease resulted from improved risk characteristics in the newborn population. A shift was found over time, mostly among white births, toward higher birth weights and longer gestations. Overall, there was a 19% reduction in the low-birth-weight rate. Considerable improvement in birth weight-specific mortality was also found, especially in babies weighing 1,000 to 2,500 g during the last 5 years of the study. A neonatal risk matrix model was applied to the changes over time to separate the improvement due to shifts in population risk characteristics from that due to better care of the newborn. Thirty-four percent of the decade's decrease in NMR was attributable to changes in the birth weight and gestational age makeup of the newborn population. This "better babies" component was more prominent early in the decade and among the white population.
Authors:
R J David; E Siegel
Related Documents :
21514316 - Ecological analysis of the relationship between infant mortality and cardiovascular dis...
17955696 - Self-reported pre-pregnancy maternal body mass index and infant birth-weight.
7102746 - The relative contribution of prematurity and fetal growth retardation to low birth weig...
17955766 - Prevalence and risk factors of low-birth-weight infants in zahedan, islamic republic of...
2042076 - A 2-year study of neonatal mortality in a large malaysian hospital.
16675436 - Effects of prenatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and dioxins on mental and mot...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0031-4005     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  1983 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-05-05     Completed Date:  1983-05-05     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  531-40     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Birth Weight
Ethnic Groups
Female
Gestational Age
Humans
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
North Carolina
Pregnancy
Prenatal Care
Risk
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
GRS 2SO-7RR05475-18/RR/NCRR NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Treatment of obese children with and without their mothers: changes in weight and blood pressure.
Next Document:  Incidence, severity, and timing of subependymal and intraventricular hemorrhages in preterm infants ...