Document Detail


Decision support system in prehospital care: a randomized controlled simulation study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23000323     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Prehospital emergency medicine is a challenging discipline characterized by a high level of acuity, a lack of clinical information and a wide range of clinical conditions. These factors contribute to the fact that prehospital emergency medicine is a high-risk discipline in terms of medical errors. Prehospital use of Computerized Decision Support System (CDSS) may be a way to increase patient safety but very few studies evaluate the effect in prehospital care. The aim of the present study is to evaluate a CDSS. METHODS: In this non-blind block randomized, controlled trial, 60 ambulance nurses participated, randomized into 2 groups. To compensate for an expected learning effect the groups was further divided in two groups, one started with case A and the other group started with case B. The intervention group had access to and treated the two simulated patient cases with the aid of a CDSS. The control group treated the same cases with the aid of a regional guideline in paper format. The performance that was measured was compliance with regional prehospital guidelines and On Scene Time (OST). RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the two group's characteristics. The intervention group had a higher compliance in the both cases, 80% vs. 60% (p<0.001) but the control group was complete the cases in the half of the time compare to the intervention group (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The results indicate that this CDSS increases the ambulance nurses' compliance with regional prehospital guidelines but at the expense of an increase in OST.
Authors:
Magnus Andersson Hagiwara; Bengt Arne Sjöqvist; Lars Lundberg; Björn-Ove Suserud; Maria Henricson; Anders Jonsson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of emergency medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-8171     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Emerg Med     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309942     Medline TA:  Am J Emerg Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
School of Health Sciences, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden; School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden. Electronic address: magnus.hagiwara@hb.se.
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