Document Detail


Is decedent race an independent predictor of organ donor consent or merely a surrogate marker of socioeconomic status?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23018878     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated that African American race is a strong predictor of nondonation. However, it is often and correctly argued that African American race is a crude explanatory variable that is a surrogate marker of socioeconomic status, education, and access to health care. We hypothesized that, when controlling for these factors, African American race would cease to be a predictor of organ donation.
METHODS: A retrospective review of 1292 Alabama decedents who were approached for organ donation between 2006 and 2009 was performed. Multivariable logistic regression models were constructed to identify the most parsimonious model that could explain the variation in the log odds of obtaining consent.
RESULTS: Consent for donation was obtained from 49% of the decedents' families. Household income was a predictor of organ donor consent only in whites. Surprisingly, household income was not statistically different between consented and nonconsented African American decedents (U.S. $25,147 vs. U.S. $26,137, P=0.90). On multivariable analysis, education, urban residence, and shorter distance between the decedent's residence and donor hospital were significantly associated with obtaining consent for organ donation. On univariate analysis, the odds ratio of donor consent in whites compared with African Americans was 2.76 (95% confidence interval, 2.17-3.57). When controlling for socioeconomic status and access to health care variables, the odds ratio of donor consent increased to 4.36 (95% confidence interval, 2.88-6.61).
CONCLUSIONS: We interpret this result to indicate that there remains unknown but important factor(s) associated with both race and obtaining organ donor consent. Further studies are required to isolate and determine whether this factor(s) is modifiable.
Authors:
Derek DuBay; David Redden; Akhlaque Haque; Stephen Gray; Mona Fouad; Laura Siminoff; Cheryl Holt; Connie Kohler; Devin Eckhoff
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Transplantation     Volume:  94     ISSN:  1534-6080     ISO Abbreviation:  Transplantation     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-22     Completed Date:  2012-12-27     Revised Date:  2013-10-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0132144     Medline TA:  Transplantation     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  873-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Abdominal Transplant, Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294-0007, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
African Americans
Aged
Biological Markers
Educational Status
European Continental Ancestry Group
Female
Humans
Income
Logistic Models
Male
Marital Status
Middle Aged
Residence Characteristics
Social Class*
Tissue Donors*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
K23 DK091514/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; K23 DK91514/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers
Comments/Corrections
Erratum In:
Transplantation. 2013 Feb 27;95(4):e23

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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