Document Detail

Decay of postextrasystolic potentiation in the left and right ventricles of intact canine hearts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19964787     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Intracellular regulation of myocardial Ca2+ has long been of interest to physiologists. The force-interval relationship provides a phenomenological approach that permits insight into aspects of calcium regulation. The response to an extrasystole is a potentiation in contractile force and the recovery in contractile force is described by the recirculation fraction (RF). The RF provides a gross estimation of calcium uptake by sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), leading to myocardial relaxation. The current study focused on the relationship of right (RV) and left ventricular (LV) RF in canines under several contractile states. Anesthetized canines (n = 5) were catheterized for RV and LV pressure measurements. dP/dt(max) for the RV and LV was calculated for three baseline beats, one extrasystole and the first five postextrasystolic beats. The relationship between the LV dP/dt(max) and RV dP/dt(max) for all of the mentioned beats was then examined. Contractility was increased with calcium chloride and extrasystoles were delivered. Once cardiac function returned to a baseline level, contractility was reduced by increasing the concentration of isoflurane and the evaluation repeated. All ventricular contractions were controlled by RA pacing to maintain intrinsic conduction. A strong linear relationship between RV and LV dP/dt(max) (r = 0.94 +/- .06) existed for most canine's contractile states. These results build on findings in isolated hearts and demonstrate that biventricular response to extrasystoles and subsequent contractile recovery is both linear and correlated, suggesting that intracellular calcium regulation in a given heart across contractile state is static.
Adam Black; Dan Ewert; Lawrence J Mulligan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference     Volume:  2009     ISSN:  1557-170X     ISO Abbreviation:  Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc     Publication Date:  2009  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-07     Completed Date:  2010-03-16     Revised Date:  2014-08-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101243413     Medline TA:  Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2904-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Calcium / metabolism
Calcium Chloride / chemistry,  pharmacology
Heart Ventricles / physiopathology*
Isoflurane / pharmacology
Myocardial Contraction
Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted*
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
CYS9AKD70P/Isoflurane; M4I0D6VV5M/Calcium Chloride; SY7Q814VUP/Calcium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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