Document Detail

Decay and interference processes in short-term retention of normal and brain-damaged patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  762034     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The present study examined decay and interference mechanisms in short-term verbal retention in brain damaged patients with and without clinical memory impairment. Petersons' distractor technique was modified for this purpose. Results indicated that decay and impaired consolidation of memory traces was greater in organic amnesics, accounting for a greater degree of forgetting than proactive interference. Absence of an interference function is discussed in terms of the modified technique utilizing repeated trials to recall and more rigorously eliminating covert rehearsal, in addition to employing a more representative sample of organic amnesics than in provious studies.
M L Silverstein; G Rosenbaum; P M Rennick
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of clinical psychiatry     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0160-6689     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Psychiatry     Publication Date:  1979 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1979-04-25     Completed Date:  1979-04-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801243     Medline TA:  J Clin Psychiatry     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  86-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Amnesia / psychology
Brain Damage, Chronic / psychology*
Inhibition (Psychology)*
Memory, Short-Term*
Mental Recall
Middle Aged
Practice (Psychology)
Proactive Inhibition*
Retention (Psychology)
Verbal Learning*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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