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Decay of incorporated radioactive phosphorus during reproduction of bacteriophage T2.
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MedLine Citation:
PMID:  13242767     Owner:  NLM     Status:  OLDMEDLINE    
The multiplication of vegetative T2 bacteriophage in B/r bacteria has been followed by studying the lethal effects of decay of incorporated radiophosphorus P(32) at various stages of the eclipse period. Experiment I. Non-radioactive B/r bacteria were infected with highly radioactive (i.e. P(32)-unstable) T2 and infection allowed to proceed at 37 degrees C. for various numbers of minutes before freezing the infected cells and storing them in liquid nitrogen. The longer development had been allowed to proceed at 37 degrees C. before freezing, the slower the inactivation of the frozen infective centers by P(32) decay. Samples which were frozen after incubation for 9 minutes were completely stable. Experiment II. Radioactive B/r bacteria in radioactive growth medium were infected with non-radioactive (i.e. stable) T2 and incubated for various lengths of time before being frozen and stored in liquid nitrogen, like those of Experiment I. In this case, the infective centers were stable to P(32) decay as long as they were frozen before the end of the eclipse period. The T2 progeny phages issuing from the infected bacteria were P(32)-unstable. Experiment III. Radioactive B/r bacteria in radioactive medium were infected with radioactive (i.e. P(32)-unstable) T2 and otherwise incubated and frozen like those of the first two experiments. In this case, the same progressive stabilization, of the infective centers towards inactivation by P(32) decay was observed as that found in Experiment I. The ability to yield infective progeny of infected bacteria incubated for 10 minutes at 37 degrees C. before freezing could no longer be destroyed by P(32) decay. The progeny issuing from the infected cells were as unstable as the parental phage. These results could be explained by one of three general hypotheses. As vegetative phage begins to multiply, it is possible that: (a) there is a high probability that any part of the vegetative phage already duplicated can be saved after its destruction by P(32) decay through a process analogous to multiplicity reactivation or, (b) there occurs a change in state of the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) preliminary to or in the course of its replication that renders it refractory to destruction by P(32) decay, or, finally (c) there occurs a transfer of the genetic factors from the DNA of the infecting phage to another substance not sensitive to destruction by P(32) decay.
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of general physiology     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0022-1295     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Gen. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1955 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1955-12-01     Completed Date:  2003-05-01     Revised Date:  2010-06-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985110R     Medline TA:  J Gen Physiol     Country:  Not Available    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  853-65     Citation Subset:  OM    
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Journal Information
Journal ID (nlm-ta): J Gen Physiol
ISSN: 0022-1295
ISSN: 1540-7748
Publisher: The Rockefeller University Press
Article Information
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Copyright © Copyright, 1955, by The Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research
Received Day: 7 Month: 2 Year: 1955
Print publication date: Day: 20 Month: 7 Year: 1955
Volume: 38 Issue: 6
First Page: 853 Last Page: 865
ID: 2147515
PubMed Id: 13242767

Gunther S. Stent
From the Virus Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley

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