Document Detail

Deaths from asphyxiation and poisoning at work in the United States 1984-6.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2775673     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A review of 4756 deaths investigated by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in 1984-6 found 233 deaths from asphyxiation and poisoning, excluding asphyxiations from trench cave-ins. The highest rates were in the oil and gas industry and in utilities. Toxic gases were the largest group (65) followed by simple asphyxiants (48), mechanical causes (42), and solvents (35). Deaths from solvents were significantly more likely in young workers. Nine deaths were caused by improper air supply to respirators and five by recreational inhalation of gas or vapours. Of the 146 deaths in confined spaces, only 12% were in rescuers, fewer than previously reported.
A Suruda; J Agnew
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of industrial medicine     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0007-1072     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Ind Med     Publication Date:  1989 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-10-23     Completed Date:  1989-10-23     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370637     Medline TA:  Br J Ind Med     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  541-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.
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MeSH Terms
Asphyxia / etiology,  mortality*
Cause of Death
Gases / adverse effects
Occupational Diseases / etiology,  mortality*
Poisoning / etiology,  mortality*
Solvents / adverse effects
United States
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Gases; 0/Solvents

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