Document Detail


Death anxiety as a predictor of posttraumatic stress levels among individuals with spinal cord injuries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14969275     Owner:  HSR     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Because the onset of a spinal cord injury may involve a brush with death and because serious injury and disability can act as a reminder of death, death anxiety was examined as a predictor of posttraumatic stress levels among individuals with disabilities. This cross-sectional study used multiple regression and multivariate multiple regression to examine whether death denial and death awareness predicted posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among veterans and civilians with spinal cord injuries (N = 313). The results indicated that death anxiety (after controlling for demographic and disability-related variables) predicted a significant amount of the total levels of posttraumatic stress reactions among individuals with spinal cord injuries. Further, death awareness, pain level, and spiritual/religious coping significantly predicted the posttraumatic stress clusters of reexperiencing, avoidance, and hyperarousal. Death denial significantly predicted only hyperarousal. Because death anxiety predicts various aspects of PTSD reactions, one possible therapeutic implication is that addressing death-related topics may help to reduce PTSD reactions. Further research is needed to better ascertain the possible causality among these variables.
Authors:
Erin Martz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Death studies     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0748-1187     ISO Abbreviation:  Death Stud     Publication Date:  2004 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-02-17     Completed Date:  2004-03-11     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8506890     Medline TA:  Death Stud     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-17     Citation Subset:  T    
Affiliation:
Dept. of Educational and Counseling Psychology, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA. martze@missouri.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Psychological
Anxiety Disorders / psychology*
Attitude to Death*
Disabled Persons / psychology
Fear / psychology
Humans
Phobic Disorders
Spinal Cord Injuries / psychology*
Spirituality
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / psychology*
Stress, Psychological
United States
Veterans

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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