Document Detail


Deactivation of tannin in high tannin milo by treatment with urea.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2592654     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Experiments were conducted to determine the effectiveness of urea in deactivating tannin in high tannin milo. High tannin milo (Pioneer B 815, 3.4 +/- .3% tannin) was reconstituted with aqueous urea solutions to give combinations of 26, 30, and 34% moisture with 2, 3, and 4% urea (percentage of urea per dry weight of milo). All treatments were maintained at 25 degrees C and were effective in deactivating tannin with no differences among moisture or urea content. The average rate of tannin deactivation was 68 +/- 2% d-1. Temperature affected rate of tannin deactivation in milo reconstituted to 30% moisture and 3% urea when stored at 25 or 60 degrees C. Rate of tannin deactivation was 44 +/- 5 and 89 +/- 18% d-1 at 25 and 60 degrees C, respectively. Tannin in high tannin milo can be deactivated rapidly and completely by reconstitution with aqueous urea. These studies demonstrate that tannin is deactivated completely under conditions where urea is an effective preservative of high moisture milo.
Authors:
R W Russell; J R Lolley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  72     ISSN:  0022-0302     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  1989 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-01-25     Completed Date:  1990-01-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2427-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Animal and Dairy Sciences, Auburn University, AL 36849.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Animal Feed*
Animals
Cereals*
Food Preservation*
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Hydrolysis
Regression Analysis
Tannins / metabolism*
Temperature
Urea / metabolism*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Tannins; 57-13-6/Urea

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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