Document Detail

De novo dup(X)(q22.3q26) in a girl with evidence that functional disomy of X material is the cause of her abnormal phenotype.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12476455     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The relationship between phenotype and Xq duplications in females remains unclear. Some females are normal; some have short stature; and others have features such as microcephaly, developmental delay/mental retardation, body asymmetries, and gonadal dysgenesis. There are several hypotheses proposed in the literature to explain this variability. We describe a 7-year-old girl with dup(X)(q22.3q26). The pregnancy was complicated by intrauterine growth retardation, and she was distressed during labor. During her first year she fed poorly and failed to thrive. She has microcephaly, her height is at the 10th centile, and her hands and feet are strikingly small. She is hypotonic and delayed. Asymmetries of muscle power, and of leg and foot length have been noted. She has mild unilateral ptosis. She has some features of Turner syndrome, and multiple other minor anomalies such as flat labia. These are features common to other described females. This report describes our patient in detail and compares her phenotype to those of the other females with Xq duplications, displays our laboratory investigations, and discusses ideas regarding the pathogenesis of phenotype. The duplicated X is of paternal origin. It is inactivated in all cells; however, the distal duplicated portion appears to be active. We suggest that functional disomy of the duplicated X material, due to local escape from inactivation, may be responsible for the phenotype in the affected females.
Linlea Armstrong; Jean McGowan-Jordan; Kathleen Brierley; Judith E Allanson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of medical genetics. Part A     Volume:  116A     ISSN:  1552-4825     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Med. Genet. A     Publication Date:  2003 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-12-11     Completed Date:  2003-05-30     Revised Date:  2008-05-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101235741     Medline TA:  Am J Med Genet A     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  71-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Eastern Ontario RegionalGenetics Program, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Chromosome Banding
Chromosomes, Human, X / genetics*
Gene Duplication
Sex Chromosome Aberrations*
Sex Chromosome Disorders / genetics,  pathology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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