Document Detail

Dating violence among adolescents presenting to a pediatric emergency department.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22147777     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and characteristics of dating violence experienced by adolescents seeking care in a pediatric emergency department and how often adolescents reporting victimization follow up with suggested resources.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey.
SETTING: An urban pediatric emergency department.
PARTICIPANTS: Of 327 participants, 235 (71.9%) were female and 92 (28.1%) were male, with a mean (SE) age of 18.7 (0.10) years.
INTERVENTIONS: Adolescents aged 13 to 21 years completed a survey including demographic characteristics and a validated measure of dating violence. Those reporting victimization received information about local resources and were contacted 1 month later by telephone to determine their use of local resources.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Dating violence exposure and subsequent use of resources.
RESULTS: Among the adolescents, 54.8% reported physical and/or sexual victimization (54.0% of girls vs 56.7% of boys; odds ratio = 0.9; 95% CI, 0.6-1.5), and 59.4% reported perpetration of physical and/or sexual violence (62.1% of girls vs 52.3% of boys; odds ratio = 1.4; 95% CI, 0.9-2.4). Girls were more likely than boys to perpetrate physical violence (52.2% vs 36.1%, respectively; odds ratio = 1.9; 95% CI, 1.2-3.2) but were also more than 5 times as likely to report fear of sustaining serious injury from a partner (16.2% vs 3.1%, respectively; odds ratio = 6.0; 95% CI, 1.4- 26.2). Young age, more intimate partners, and a history of a recent physical fight were independently associated with both dating violence victimization and perpetration. Only 4 of the 127 participants with follow-up interviews (3.1%) used any resources provided.
CONCLUSION: Dating violence perpetration and victimization rates for both boys and girls who had at least 1 dating relationship are high in this pediatric emergency department population.
Bronwen C Carroll; Anita Raj; Sabrina E Noel; Howard Bauchner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine     Volume:  165     ISSN:  1538-3628     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9422751     Medline TA:  Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1101-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Emergency Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine and Boston Medical Center, 88 E Concord St, Vose 5, Boston, MA 02118.
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