Document Detail

Daphnoretin Induces Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis in Human Osteosarcoma (HOS) Cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22231496     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
In this study antiproliferation, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis induced by daphnoretin in human osteosarcoma (HOS) cells were investigated. Antiproliferative activity was measured with the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The IC(50) value of daphnoretin was 3.89 μM after 72 h treatment. Induction of apoptosis was evidenced by apoptotic body appearance and Annexin V-FITC/PI apoptosis detection kit. Flow cytometric analysis indicated daphnoretin arrested the cell cycle in the G2/M phase. Western-blot assay showed that the G2/M phase arrest was accompanied by down-regulation of cdc2, cyclin A and cyclin B1. Moreover, daphnoretin inhibited Bcl-2 expression and induced Bax expression to desintegrate the outer mitochondrial membrane and causing cytochrome c release. Mitochondrial cytochrome c release was associated with the activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3 cascade. Our results demonstrated that daphnoretin caused death of HOS cells by blocking cells successively in G2/M phases and activating the caspase-3 pathway.
Shoubin Gu; Jinhai He
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-01-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecules (Basel, Switzerland)     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1420-3049     ISO Abbreviation:  Molecules     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100964009     Medline TA:  Molecules     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  598-612     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Orthopaedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086, China.
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