Document Detail

Damage of cell envelope of Lactobacillus helveticus during vacuum drying.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17309624     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIMS: The aim of this study was to gain insight into the inactivation mechanisms of Lactobacillus helveticus during vacuum drying. METHODS AND RESULTS: Early stationary phase cells of L. helveticus were dried in a vacuum drier. Viability, cell integrity and metabolic activity of cells were assessed over time by plate counts on de Man Rogosa and Sharpe broth agar medium and cytological methods employing fluorescent reagents and nucleic acid stains. The cell envelope damage was visualized by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) was used to indirectly observe changes in cell components during drying. Viability, metabolic activity and cell integrity decreased during vacuum drying, and different inactivation curves, characterized by the loss of ability to resume growth, and cell injuries were found. AFM images showed cracks on the surface of dried cells. Main changes in FT-IR spectra were attributed to the damage in cell envelope. CONCLUSION: The cell envelope was the main site of damage in L. helveticus during vacuum drying. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: Inactivation mechanisms of L. helveticus during vacuum drying were partly elucidated. This information is useful for the improvement of the viability of vacuum-dried starter cultures.
C Santivarangkna; M Wenning; P Foerst; U Kulozik
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied microbiology     Volume:  102     ISSN:  1364-5072     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2007 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-02-20     Completed Date:  2007-08-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9706280     Medline TA:  J Appl Microbiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  748-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
Central Institute for Food and Nutrition Research ZIEL, Section Food Process Engineering, Technische Universität München, Freising-Weihenstephan, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall*
Culture Media
Desiccation / methods*
Food Microbiology
Lactobacillus helveticus / cytology*,  metabolism
Microscopy, Atomic Force / methods
Preservation, Biological / methods
Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared / methods
Surface Properties
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Culture Media

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