Document Detail

Dairy products as essential contributors of (micro-) nutrients in reference food patterns: an outline for elderly people.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19155435     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The nutrient richness of dairy products is widely recognized, but mainly low fat or skimmed versions are generally advocated given the proportion of saturated fatty acids in milk fat. The question arises how to appraise this nutrient richness relative to the contribution of the saturated fraction of dairy fat. We reviewed available data--collected from elderly people--on nutrient contributions by dairy products in The Netherlands, on the relevance of nutrients specifically supplied by dairy products and shown to be associated with ageing-related functional losses, and from prospective studies in selected elderly populations in Europe on the impact of dietary and lifestyle factors on morbidity and mortality. In the current daily food pattern of older adults in The Netherlands dairy products provide significant to substantial amounts of protein and a number of minerals and vitamins relevant for healthy ageing. Especially in the frail elderly it will be difficult to replace dairy products by other foods. Dietary advice should focus on an adequate supply of energy, protein and micronutrients rather than on avoiding saturated fats. For the younger healthy 65 + we estimated that including lower fat dairy products rather their whole fat equivalents, may help to improve the dietary pattern. However, prospective analyses on morbidity and mortality do not suggest that moderate dietary intake of dairy products is associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk in this age group. In dietary risk-benefit analyses the ultimate perspective should be the nutritional status, the risk profile of the target group and the place of the foods in the dietary pattern. Such analyses need more sophisticated methods than currently available and applied in this paper. In Europe initiatives have been taken to develop such methods.
Wija A van Staveren; Jan M Steijns; Lisette C P G M de Groot
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Nutrition     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1541-1087     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Coll Nutr     Publication Date:  2008 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-21     Completed Date:  2009-03-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8215879     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  747S-54S     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Aging / drug effects
Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology
Dairy Products / analysis*
Diet / standards*
Diet Records
Diet Surveys
Dietary Fats / pharmacology
Fatty Acids / pharmacology
Malnutrition / prevention & control*
Micronutrients / analysis*,  therapeutic use
Milk / chemistry
Risk Assessment
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats; 0/Fatty Acids; 0/Micronutrients

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