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Daily Sodium Intake in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients during Nephrology Clinic Follow-Up: An Observational Study with 24-Hour Urine Sodium Measurement.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21325867     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Objective: To determine daily sodium intake in 'real practice' in a large group of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients who were under regular follow-up in a nephrology clinic. Methods: A total of 373 consecutive outpatients with CKD stages 1-5 (not on dialysis; men: 52.3%, mean age: 51.6 ± 15.4 years) were included in the study. All patients had at least 3 or more nephrology visits and received information on reducing their sodium intake. Data for systolic and diastolic blood pressure, number of antihypertensive medications and 2 consecutive 24-hour urinary sodium levels were obtained from the patients' medical records. Results: The mean 24-hour urinary sodium levels of 2 consecutive urine samples were 168.8 ± 70.3 and 169.3 ± 67.4 mEq/day (p > 0.05). Only 14.7% of the patients had a sodium excretion <100 mmol/day. There was no difference in daily sodium intake from stages 1 to 4, but it was significantly lower in stage 5 (126.6 ± 60.5 mEq/day, p < 0.05). No relation was found between 24-hour urinary sodium output, number of antihypertensives or thiazide use. Conclusions: This study showed that almost 85% of CKD patients under regular nephrologic care were consuming more sodium than the recommended level. More robust measures should be devised to increase patient and physician compliance with reducing sodium intake in CKD.
Aysun Aybal Kutlugün; Mustafa Arıcı; Tolga Yıldırım; Didem Turgut; Rahmi Yılmaz; Mahmut Altındal; Bülent Altun; Yunus Erdem; Unal Yasavul; Cetin Turgan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nephron. Clinical practice     Volume:  118     ISSN:  1660-2110     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101159763     Medline TA:  Nephron Clin Pract     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  c361-c366     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Departmens of Nephrology, Hacettepe University Medical Faculty, Ankara, Turkey.
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