Document Detail


DNA content alterations in Tetrahymena pyriformis macronucleus after exposure to food preservatives sodium nitrate and sodium benzoate.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23134605     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The toxicity, in terms of changes in the DNA content, of two food preservatives, sodium nitrate and sodium benzoate was studied on the protozoan Tetrahymena pyriformis using DNA image analysis technology. For this purpose, selected doses of both food additives were administered for 2 h to protozoa cultures and DNA image analysis of T. pyriformis nuclei was performed. The analysis was based on the measurement of the Mean Optical Density which represents the cellular DNA content. The results have shown that after exposure of the protozoan cultures to doses equivalent to ADI, a statistically significant increase in the macronuclear DNA content compared to the unexposed control samples was observed. The observed increase in the macronuclear DNA content is indicative of the stimulation of the mitotic process and the observed increase in MOD, accompanied by a stimulation of the protozoan proliferation activity is in consistence with this assumption. Since alterations at the DNA level such as DNA content and uncontrolled mitogenic stimulation have been linked with chemical carcinogenesis, the results of the present study add information on the toxicogenomic profile of the selected chemicals and may potentially lead to reconsideration of the excessive use of nitrates aiming to protect public health.
Authors:
Ariadni C Loutsidou; Vasiliki I Hatzi; C T Chasapis; Georgia I Terzoudi; Chara A Spiliopoulou; Maria E Stefanidou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta biologica Hungarica     Volume:  63     ISSN:  0236-5383     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta. Biol. Hung.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8404358     Medline TA:  Acta Biol Hung     Country:  Hungary    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  483-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Patras Department of Pharmacy GR-26504 Patras Greece.
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