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Cytotoxicity of water-soluble mPEG-SH-coated silver nanoparticles in HL-7702 cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22415596     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are being used widely and increasingly in various products and medical supplies due to their antibacterial activity. However, little is known about the impacts of the AgNPs. Herein, The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the cytotoxic effect of AgNPs in the human liver cell line (HL-7702). The water-soluble α-Methoxy-poly (ethylene glycol)-ω-mercapto (mPEG-SH)-coated AgNPs (40 nm) were synthesized, which showed superior stabilization and uniform dispersion in culture medium. The effect of mPEG-SH-coated silver nanoparticles on cell viability, leakage of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), oxidative stress, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and cell cycle was evaluated after the cells were treated with nanoparticles. The results showed that the coated AgNPs could be taken up by cells, decreased cell viability in dose- and time-dependent manners at dosage levels between 6.25 and 100.00 μg/mL, caused membrane damage (LDH leakage), and decreased the activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxides. The level of malondialdehyde, an end product of lipid peroxidation, was also increased in AgNPs-exposed cells. Moreover, flow cytometric analysis showed that AgNP exposure decrease MMP and cause G(2)/M phase arrest. Thus, our data suggest that mPEG-SH-coated AgNPs have the potential toxicity that is associated with oxidative stress, apoptosis, and DNA damage.
Authors:
Xiu-Ling Song; Bo Li; Kun Xu; Juan Liu; Wen Ju; Juan Wang; Xiao-Dong Liu; Juan Li; Yan-Fei Qi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cell biology and toxicology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-6822     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8506639     Medline TA:  Cell Biol Toxicol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Toxicology, School of Public Health, Jilin University, Changchun, 130021, People's Republic of China.
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