Document Detail

Cytotoxicity of aggregated fullerene C60 particles on CHO and MDCK cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18200537     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The cytotoxicity of fullerene C60 particles on two mammalian cell lines, i.e. the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and the Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells, has been investigated. Although innate fullerene particles have a very low solubility in deionized (DI) water, these particles can be dissolved in the tetrahydrofuran (THF) solvent at a great value. Further, the dissolved fullerene particles in the THF solvent could be extracted into a DI water solution at a significantly increased solubility. The formation of fullerene particle aggregates is believed to be the cause of the increased solubility. Results presented here show that once the concentration of the fullerene aggregates reaches a certain level, the cells start to die. The lethal dosage LD50, which is defined as the lowest fullerene concentration that results in a 50% cell death within 24 h, has been determined. Furthermore, the percentage of cell mortality increased with increasing fullerene concentration and incubation time yielding a negative effect on cell viability. These results, illustrated by atomic force microscopy (AFM), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and other microscopic techniques, will help to better understand the side effects of fullerene particles in mammalian cells.
Binbing Han; M Nazmul Karim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scanning     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0161-0457     ISO Abbreviation:  Scanning     Publication Date:    2008 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-10     Completed Date:  2008-05-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7903371     Medline TA:  Scanning     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  213-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Chemical Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409, USA.
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MeSH Terms
CHO Cells
Cell Line
Cell Survival
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Fullerenes / toxicity*
Lethal Dose 50
Microscopy, Atomic Force
Nanoparticles / toxicity*
Spectrum Analysis, Raman
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fullerenes; 99685-96-8/fullerene C60

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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