Document Detail


Cytotoxic and apoptotic effects of synthetic benzochromene derivatives on human cancer cell lines.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25261336     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
With the aim of discovering potential cytotoxic agents, a series of benzochromene derivatives were screened for their cytotoxic activity against seven human cancer cell lines by standard 3-(4, 5-dimethyl thiazol)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Apoptosis, as the mechanism of cell death, was investigated morphologically by acridine orange/ethidium bromide staining and cell surface expression assay of phosphatidylserine by Annexin V-PE/7-AAD technique. The effects of compounds on reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO) generations in three human breast cancer cell lines were also studied. All compounds showed significant cytotoxic activity with inhibitory concentration (IC50) values in the micromolar range (4.6-21.5 μM). The results of apoptosis evaluation suggested that the cytotoxic activity of these compounds in breast cancer cells occurs via apoptosis. MCF-7 cell line showed higher levels of ROS and NO production after treatment with compounds. The increase in ROS production after 4 and 24 h indicated that one of the ways that these compounds can induce apoptosis is by increasing ROS generation. Cytotoxic and apoptotic effects of these compounds in human cancer cells indicated that they can be a good candidate for further pharmacological studies to discover effective anticancer agents.
Authors:
Asma Kheirollahi; Mahboobeh Pordeli; Maliheh Safavi; Sara Mashkouri; M Reza Naimi-Jamal; Sussan Kabudanian Ardestani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-9-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1912     ISO Abbreviation:  Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-9-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0326264     Medline TA:  Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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