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Cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha induces intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22341723     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Epithelial barrier dysfunction is involved in a number of diseases in the body. The mechanism is to be further understood. The present study aimed to investigate the role of one of the common microbial products, flagellin (FGN), in the induction of intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction. METHODS: We collected the colon epithelium specimens from 40 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), 40 patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and 40 healthy volunteers. The expression of toll like receptors (TLR)5 of the specimens was assessed by RT-PCR and western blotting. The expression of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) and its role in compromising the barrier function in the intestinal epithelial cells, T84 cells, were observed by a cell culture model. RESULTS: The results showed that the expression of TLR5 was observed in the colon epithelium of healthy subjects that was increased in UC patients and further increased in CD patients. Treating T84 cells with FGN increased the expression of TNFα in the cells that caused the T84 cell apoptosis as well as compromised the T84 monolayer barrier function, which could be prevented by knocking down the gene of TNFα in T84 cells. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the human colon epithelial cells express detectable TLR5 that is increased in patients with CD and UC. The exposure to FGN can increase the expression of TNFα that further compromises the intestinal epithelial barrier function.
Authors:
Qun-Ying Wang; Ai-Min Sun; Jian Song; Ye Chen; Ji-De Wang; Chuan-Gang Li
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cytokine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1096-0023     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005353     Medline TA:  Cytokine     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Gastroenterology, 401 Hospital of PLA Jinan Military Region, Qingdao, Shandong, China.
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