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Cytokine gene polymorphisms in northern Indian women with recurrent miscarriages.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23062580     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To determine association of cytokine gene polymorphism with risk for recurrent miscarriages (RM). DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study on northern Indian RM cases versus control subjects. SETTING: Medical facility. PATIENT(S): A total of 200 women with at least three unexplained spontaneous abortions before 20 weeks of gestation. INTERVENTION(S): Subjects were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction amplification followed by restriction digestion and allele-specific oligonucleotides. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Detection of pro- and antiinflammatory gene polymorphism genotypes and allele frequencies. RESULT(S): We applied dominant and recessive models of inheritance, showing no association among T(H)2 [interleukin (IL) 10 (592 C/A) and transforming growth factor β] gene polymorphisms, while significant association was observed between T(H)2 [IL-4 (C590T), IL-6 (G174C), IL-10 (1082A/G and 819C/T)], and T(H)1 [interferon-γ (+874A/T)] with RM compared with control subjects. However, when classification and regression tree analysis was applied, this effect disappeared and demonstrated that IL-10 plays an important role in maintenance of pregnancy. CONCLUSION(S): Interleukin-10 acts as an immunosuppressive by keeping a balance of pro- and antiinflammatory signals that coordinate the satisfactory development of pregnancy, placental growth, and remodeling for favorable pregnancy outcome.
Authors:
Farah Parveen; Anju Shukla; Suraksha Agarwal
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Fertility and sterility     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1556-5653     ISO Abbreviation:  Fertil. Steril.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372772     Medline TA:  Fertil Steril     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Medical Genetics, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.
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