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Cystic Echinococcosis in Arad County, Romania.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22217165     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a major parasitosis in Romania, a country where in the past at least one person from 45.5% of its localities underwent surgery for this disease. This survey aimed to provide new epidemiological and clinical data regarding human cases of CE in a western Romanian county. We have retrospectively investigated the medical records of the patients with CE hospitalized during the period of 2004-2010 in the surgical sections of Arad County. A total of 79 patients aged 5-88 years (mean age: 35.9±20.1 years) were diagnosed with CE during the study period. The average yearly incidence was 2.4 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, and the majority of the patients (29.1%) were aged 0-19 years. Most of the adult cases (≥18 years) were people with limited formal education (laborers) (45.6%). The analysis for trend showed an overall decrease in the affected persons over the study period (R(2)=0.66, p=0.026). Hepatic localizations of the hydatid cysts predominated within the study group (73.4%). Only 21.5% of the diseased presented complications and the mean length of hospital stay was 16.2±10.9 days. Eosinophilia of at least 10% of the leukocyte value occurred in 14% of cases and leukocytosis was noticed in 24.1% of patients. Although the rates of CE cases have decreased in Arad County (Romania), this parasitic disease continues to be a concern for public health services and requires the implementation of more stringent prophylactic measures.
Authors:
Crenguta L Calma; Adriana M Neghina; Roxana Moldovan; Victor Dumitrascu; Iosif Marincu; Raul Neghina
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vector borne and zoonotic diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1557-7759     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100965525     Medline TA:  Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1 Department of Microbiology, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy , Timisoara, Romania .
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