Document Detail

Cycle length characteristics differentiating non-sustained from self-terminating ventricular fibrillation in Brugada syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23419658     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
AIMS: Limited information is available on self-terminating (ST) ventricular fibrillation (VF). Understanding spontaneous fluctuations in VF cycle length (CL) is required to identify arrhythmia that will stop before shock. Using Brugada syndrome (BS) as a model, the purpose of the study was to compare ST-VF and VF terminated by electrical shock and to look for spontaneous fluctuations in ventricular CL.METHODS AND RESULTS: Occurrence of ST-VF and VF was studied in 53 patients with 46 VF episodes: (i) spontaneously, (ii) during defibrillation threshold testing, (iii) during programmed ventricular stimulation (PVS). Fifteen presented ST-VF (average duration 25 s): 11 during PVS, 1 during defibrillation threshold testing, and 3 spontaneously (at device interrogation). Self-terminating ventricular fibrillation was compared with 31 VFs terminated by electrical shock. Mean ventricular CL was longer (192.5 ± 22 vs. 149 ± 19 ms) (P < 0.0001) and CL became longer or did not change in ST-VF (187 ± 28 vs. 200 ± 25 ms) (first vs. last CL)(NS) in contrast with progressively shorter CL in electrical shock-terminated VF (177 ± 14.5 vs. 139 ± 12 ms) (first vs. last CL before electrical shock) (P < 0.0001). Ventricular fibrillation had more CL variability (average 16.4 ± 6.5 ms) for the first 50 beats than ST-VF (average 4.08 ± 2) (P < 0.0001). Cycle length range for the first 50 beats was 9.6 ± 1 ms for ST-VF and 44 ± 15 for VF (P < 0.002).CONCLUSION: Self-terminating ventricular fibrillation in BS was not rare (28%). Ventricular CL was longer and progressively increased or did not change in ST-VF compared with electrical shock-terminating VF. Cycle length variability and CL range could differentiate VF and ST-VF within the first 50 beats. These parameters should be considered in the algorithms for VF detection and termination.
Gabriel Cismaru; Béatrice Brembilla-Perrot; Maheshwar Pauriah; Pierre Yves Zinzius; Jean Marc Sellal; Jérôme Schwartz; Nicolas Sadoul
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2092     ISO Abbreviation:  Europace     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883649     Medline TA:  Europace     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Cardiology, CHU de Brabois, 54500 Vandoeuvre les Nancy, France.
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