Document Detail

Cyanobacterial poisoning in livestock, wild mammals and birds--an overview.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18461786     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Poisoning of livestock by toxic cyanobacteria was first reported in the 19th century, and throughout the 20th century cyanobacteria-related poisonings of livestock and wildlife in all continents have been described. Some mass mortality events involving unrelated fauna in prehistoric times have also been attributed to cyanotoxin poisoning; if correct, this serves as a reminder that toxic cyanobacteria blooms predate anthropogenic manipulation of the environment, though there is probably general agreement that human intervention has led to increases in the frequency and extent of cyanobacteria blooms. Many of the early reports of cyanobacteria poisoning were anecdotal and circumstantial, albeit with good descriptions of the appearance and behaviour of cyanobacteria blooms that preceded or coincided with illness and death in exposed animals. Early necropsy findings of hepatotoxicity were subsequently confirmed by experimental investigations. More recent reports supplement clinical and post-mortem findings with investigative chemistry techniques to identify cyanotoxins in stomach contents and tissue fluids.
Ian Stewart; Alan A Seawright; Glen R Shaw
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Advances in experimental medicine and biology     Volume:  619     ISSN:  0065-2598     ISO Abbreviation:  Adv. Exp. Med. Biol.     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-08     Completed Date:  2008-06-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0121103     Medline TA:  Adv Exp Med Biol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  613-37     Citation Subset:  IM    
National Research Centre for Environmental Toxicology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Animals, Domestic / microbiology
Animals, Wild / microbiology
Bacterial Toxins / history,  poisoning*
Birds / microbiology
Cyanobacteria / pathogenicity*
History, 20th Century
History, 21st Century
History, Ancient
Marine Toxins / history,  poisoning*
Microcystins / history,  poisoning*
Peptides, Cyclic / history,  poisoning
Saxitoxin / history,  poisoning
Tropanes / history,  poisoning
Uracil / analogs & derivatives,  history,  poisoning
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Bacterial Toxins; 0/Marine Toxins; 0/Microcystins; 0/Peptides, Cyclic; 0/Tropanes; 0/anatoxin a; 0/cyanobacterial toxin; 118399-22-7/nodularin; 143545-90-8/cylindrospermopsin; 35523-89-8/Saxitoxin; 66-22-8/Uracil

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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