Document Detail

Cutting edge: Chk1 directs senescence and mitotic catastrophe in recovery from G₂ checkpoint arrest.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20716119     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Besides the well-understood DNA damage response via establishment of G(2) checkpoint arrest, novel studies focus on the recovery from arrest by checkpoint override to monitor cell cycle re-entry. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Chk1 in the recovery from G(2) checkpoint arrest in HCT116 (human colorectal cancer) wt, p53(-/-) and p21(-/-) cell lines following H(2) O(2) treatment. Firstly, DNA damage caused G(2) checkpoint activation via Chk1. Secondly, overriding G(2) checkpoint led to (i) mitotic slippage, cell cycle re-entry in G(1) and subsequent G(1) arrest associated with senescence or (ii) premature mitotic entry in the absence of p53/p21(WAF1) causing mitotic catastrophe. We revealed subtle differences in the initial Chk1-involved G(2) arrest with respect to p53/p21(WAF1) : absence of either protein led to late G(2) arrest instead of the classic G(2) arrest during checkpoint initiation, and this impacted the release back into the cell cycle. Thus, G(2) arrest correlated with downstream senescence, but late G(2) arrest led to mitotic catastrophe, although both cell cycle re-entries were linked to upstream Chk1 signalling. Chk1 knockdown deciphered that Chk1 defines long-term DNA damage responses causing cell cycle re-entry. We propose that recovery from oxidative DNA damage-induced G(2) arrest requires Chk1. It works as cutting edge and navigates cells to senescence or mitotic catastrophe. The decision, however, seems to depend on p53/p21(WAF1) . The general relevance of Chk1 as an important determinant of recovery from G(2) checkpoint arrest was verified in HT29 colorectal cancer cells.
Angela Poehlmann; Caroline Habold; Diana Walluscheck; Kathrin Reissig; Khuloud Bajbouj; Oliver Ullrich; Roland Hartig; Hala Gali-Muhtasib; Antje Diestel; Albert Roessner; Regine Schneider-Stock
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cellular and molecular medicine     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1582-4934     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cell. Mol. Med.     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101083777     Medline TA:  J Cell Mol Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1528-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine © 2011 Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine/Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Department of Pathology, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Leipziger Strasse 44, Magdeburg, Germany.
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