Document Detail

Cutaneous or Respiratory Exposures to Peanut Allergens in Mice and Their Impacts on Subsequent Oral Exposure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25034179     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background: Recent data suggested that non-gastrointestinal exposure can lead to sensitisation to food allergens. We thus assessed the immune impact of respiratory or cutaneous exposure to peanut proteins on non-altered epithelium and investigated the effect of such pre-exposure on subsequent oral administration of peanut. Methods: BALB/cJ mice were exposed to purified Ara h 1 or to a non-defatted roasted peanut extract (PE) by simple deposit of allergens solutions on non-altered skin or in the nostrils. Exposures were performed 6 times at weekly intervals. Pre-exposed mice then received intra-gastric administrations of PE alone or in the presence of the Th2 mucosal adjuvant cholera toxin (CT). The specific humoral and cellular immune response was assessed throughout the protocol. Results: Both cutaneous and respiratory exposures led to the production of specific IgG1. Local and systemic IL-5 and IL-13 production were also evidenced, demonstrating activation of specific Th2 cells. This effect was dose-dependent and most efficient via the respiratory route. Moreover, these pre-exposures led to the production of specific IgE antibodies after gavage with PE, whatever the presence of CT. Conclusions: Cutaneous or respiratory exposures to peanut induce Th2 priming in mice. Moreover, pre-exposures promote further sensitisation via the oral route without the use of CT; this proposes a new adjuvant-free experimental model of sensitisation to food that may reflect a realistic exposure pattern in infants. These results also suggest that non-gastrointestinal peanut exposure should be minimised in high-risk infants, even those with non-altered skin, to potentially reduce allergic sensitisation to this major food allergen. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Sophie Wavrin; Hervé Bernard; Jean-Michel Wal; Karine Adel-Patient
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  International archives of allergy and immunology     Volume:  164     ISSN:  1423-0097     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. Arch. Allergy Immunol.     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9211652     Medline TA:  Int Arch Allergy Immunol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  189-199     Citation Subset:  -    
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