Document Detail

Current trends in diagnosis and management of cardiac amyloidosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23337445     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Amyloidosis is a rare disease in which insoluble extracellular protein fibrils in β-pleated sheets infiltrate multiple organs, causing organ dysfunction and failure. Amyloidoses are generally classified into light chain or primary systemic amyloidosis, hereditary amyloidosis (most commonly, transthyretin amyloidosis), senile systemic amyloidosis, secondary amyloidosis, and isolated atrial amyloidosis. At least 100 different amyloidogenic proteins have been identified in humans and can be differentiated by mass spectroscopy after laser capture microdissection and genetic testing. Organ involvement can include kidneys, skin, blood vessels, central and peripheral nervous systems, lungs, liver, intestines, and heart. Developments in noninvasive techniques are facilitating earlier and more accurate diagnosis. Management depends on the specific disease type, thus early and accurate diagnosis is imperative. Prognosis generally correlates with degree of cardiac involvement but varies widely with specific amyloid protein type. New treatment strategies involving chemotherapy and organ transplantation are improving survival, but prognosis is guarded.
Brandt L Esplin; Morie A Gertz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current problems in cardiology     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1535-6280     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Probl Cardiol     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7701802     Medline TA:  Curr Probl Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  53-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
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