Document Detail


Current strategies for treating infants with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23016612     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Advances in neonatal intensive care have markedly improved survival rates for infants born at a very early lung development stage (<26 weeks gestation). In these premature infants, even low inspired oxygen concentrations and gentle ventilatory methods may disrupt distal lung growth, a condition described as "new" bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). BPD usually develops into a mild form, with only few infants requiring ventilator support and oxygen supplementation at 36 weeks post-conception. No magic bullets exist for treating infants with established severe BPD. Current management of the disease aims at maintaining an adequate gas exchange while promoting optimal lung growth. Prolonged oxygen therapy and ventilator support through nasal cannulae or a tracheotomy are often required to maintain blood gases. Short-course, low-dose corticosteroids may improve lung function and accelerate weaning from oxygen and mechanical ventilation. Pulmonary hypertension is a major complication in infants with severe BPD. Pulmonary vasodilators, such as sildenafil followed by bosentan, may improve the oxygenation and pulmonary outcome.
Authors:
Paola Papoff; Carla Cerasaro; Elena Caresta; Caterina Silvia Barbàra; Fabio Midulla; Corrado Moretti
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  25 Suppl 3     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  15-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Paediatrics, Paediatric Emergency and Intensive Care, Sapienza University of Rome , Rome , Italy.
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