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Current functions of italian ethics committees: a cross-sectional study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19860746     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: The rapid pace of progress in medical research, the consequent need for the timely transfer of new knowledge into practice, and the increasing need for ethics support, is making the work of Ethics Committees (ECs) ever more complex and demanding. As a response, ECs in many countries exhibit large variation in number, mandate, organization and member competences. This cross-sectional study aims to give an overview of the different types of activities of Italian ECs and favour discussion at a European level. Methods: A questionnaire was emailed to all Italian Ethics Committees contained in the national Registry of the Ministry of Health, enquiring whether the EC was conducting, or planning to conduct, 4 specific activities. A telephone interview was conducted to determine reasons for failure to respond. Results: Response rate was 53% (101 respondents out of 191). 20% of ECs restrict their responsibilities to research protocol review, 25% also offer ethical consultation to institutions, support on individual health care decisions and promotes educational initiatives, while the remaining 50% conduct a few of the examined activities to varying degrees. Large variation was observed across different types of hosting institutions and geographical locations. Conclusions: A common European model should be developed, defining EC functions, member selection modalities, necessary member competences, decision-making criteria and measures for work verification. In the absence of sound empirical evidence, it would be interesting to study the effectiveness and efficiency of the different existing models.
Authors:
Caterina Caminiti; Francesca Diodati; Arianna Gatti; Saverio Santachiara; Sandro Spinsanti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioethics     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1467-8519     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioethics     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8704792     Medline TA:  Bioethics     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  220-7     Citation Subset:  E; IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Research & Innovation Unit At the Parma University Hospital and in the Research & Innovation Unit University of Bologna, Italy At the Internal Pharmacy of the Modena University Hospital and Director of the Technical-Scientific Secretary of the Modena Provincial Ethics Committee Department of Human Sciences at the Fatebenefratelli Hospital of Rome.
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