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Current evidence on the associations of breastfeeding, infant formula, and cow's milk introduction with type 1 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22946851     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Current evidence provides contradictory results in regards to the associations of breastfeeding or early introduction of cow's milk and formula with the development of type 1 diabetes (T1D). The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the type of feeding, duration of breastfeeding, time of introduction of formula or cow's milk, and the potential impact on developing T1D. The literature search was conducted based on the standards outlined in the MOOSE Guidelines for Meta-Analyses and Systematic Reviews of Observational Studies and yielded a total of 161 studies, 28 of which were included in this review. Twenty seven of the included studies were case-control and one was a prospective cohort study. Eight of the studies indicated breastfeeding has a protective role against the development of T1D. Seven additional studies emphasized that a short period or absence of breastfeeding could be a risk factor for T1D development. The results of this systematic review indicate a short duration and/or a lack of breastfeeding may constitute a risk factor for the development of T1D later in life.
Authors:
Evridiki Patelarou; Charis Girvalaki; Hero Brokalaki; Athena Patelarou; Zacharenia Androulaki; Constantine Vardavas
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition reviews     Volume:  70     ISSN:  1753-4887     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr. Rev.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376405     Medline TA:  Nutr Rev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  509-19     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 International Life Sciences Institute.
Affiliation:
University Hospital of Heraklion, Crete, Greece, and the Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Crete, Greece Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Crete, Greece Faculty of Nursing, University of Athens, Athens, Greece University Hospital of Heraklion, Crete, Greece Department of Nursing, Technological Educational Institution, Crete, Greece.
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