Document Detail


Current definitions for neonatal apnoea: Are they evidence based?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23714577     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Apnoea is defined as cessation of breathing with implicit pathophysiology. This review considers definitions of neonatal apnoea currently available and explores the evidence to support their use. For preterm and term infants, apnoea definitions appear arbitrary, are not supported by guidelines and vary from study to study. Although most alarms on infant breathing monitors are set to alert after a respiratory pause >20 s duration is detected, this time period is the equivalent of 17 missed breaths in a preterm infant. Apnoea is likely to be better defined by associated consequence than by pause duration alone in this age group; however, the degree of change in heart rate or oxygen saturation that defines a respiratory pause as pathological is yet to be defined. Further research is required to determine the characteristics that differentiate respiratory events of clinical consequence from normal respiratory variability in term and preterm infants.
Authors:
Dawn E Elder; Angela J Campbell; Duncan Galletly
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-5-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of paediatrics and child health     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1440-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  J Paediatr Child Health     Publication Date:  2013 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-5-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005421     Medline TA:  J Paediatr Child Health     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 The Authors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2013 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians).
Affiliation:
Department of Paediatrics, University of Otago Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.
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