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Current concepts in stem cell therapy for articular cartilage repair.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23320740     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Introduction: Hyaline articular cartilage is the connective tissue responsible for frictionless joint movement. Its degeneration ultimately results in complete loss of joint function in the late stages of osteoarthritis. Intrinsic repair is compromised, and cartilage tissue regeneration is difficult. However, new options are available to repair cartilage tissue by applying ESCs, MSCs and CPCs. Areas covered: In this review, the authors shed light on the different concepts currently under investigation for cartilage repair. Expert opinion: So far, there is no way to derive a chondrogenic lineage from stem cells that forms functional hyaline cartilage tissue in vivo. One alternative might be to enhance the chondrogenic potential of repair cells, which are already present in diseased cartilage tissue. CPCs found in diseased cartilage tissue in situ are biologically driven toward the osteochondrogenic lineage and can be directed toward chondrogenesis at least in vitro.
Authors:
Hayat Muhammad; Boris Schminke; Nicolai Miosge
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Expert opinion on biological therapy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1744-7682     ISO Abbreviation:  Expert Opin Biol Ther     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101125414     Medline TA:  Expert Opin Biol Ther     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Georg August University, Tissue Regeneration Work Group, Department of Prosthodontics , Robert-Koch-Str. 40, 37075, Goettingen , Germany nmiosge@gwdg.de.
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