Document Detail

Current Thoughts for the Prevention and Treatment of Pressure Ulcers: Using the Evidence to Determine Fact or Fiction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23426346     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE:: To use an evidenced-based approach to better understand the management and treatment of pressure ulcers. BACKGROUND:: Pressure sores are a cause of significant morbidity in the medical community. Although there are a multitude of preventative and treatment options, there remains some degree of uncertainty in the literature in defining the best way to treat and manage pressure sores. METHODS:: An exhaustive literature search was performed using several electronic databases. The search revealed several identified modalities for treatment and/or prevention of pressure ulcers. We then assessed each modality individually for the level of evidence that exists in the most current literature, with preference given to more recent studies (2005 to present). RESULTS:: We reviewed the most relevant, high-level evidence that exists for the following modalities for understanding, preventing, and treating pressure ulcers: wound cleansers, repositioning, negative pressure therapy, debridement, enteral and parenteral feeding, vitamin and mineral supplementation, specialized mattresses, ultrasound therapy, honey, cellular therapy, musculocutaneous and fasciocutaneous flap closure, and other miscellaneous therapies. CONCLUSIONS:: Although many of these modalities are used, we encourage clinicians and health care providers to consider the evidence-based data when deciding how to most appropriately manage their patients' pressure sores.
Steven M Levine; Sammy Sinno; Jamie P Levine; Pierre B Saadeh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1528-1140     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Surg.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372354     Medline TA:  Ann Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
From the Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery New York University Langone Medical Center, New York.
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