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Current Italian practices regarding the management of hyperbilirubinaemia in preterm infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21314845     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Aim:  To assess the current practices existing in Italy for the management of jaundice in preterm infants as preliminary achievement to a call for national guidelines and establishment of a kernicterus registry. Methods:  A questionnaire (in Supporting Information online) was sent to the 109 level III neonatal units in Italy to ascertain existing guidelines for total bilirubin monitoring and treatment of hyperbilirubinaemia in preterm infants and occurrence of kernicterus. Results:  There was a 61% (67/109) response rate. Eighty-five per cent of responding units had either written guidelines coming from different literature sources or locally developed. The monitoring of bilirubin varied greatly in timing before, during and after jaundice development. Phototherapy and exchange transfusion were given to 56.0 ± 21.0% and 0.2 ± 0.4% of admitted preterm infants in participating centres. Five cases of kernicterus in preterm infants and eleven cases in term infants were documented over the last 10 years. Conclusions:  The management of hyperbilirubinaemia in preterm infants is not uniform in Italy and would benefit from shared national guidance together with establishment of a kernicterus registry to guide therapy.
Carlo Dani; Chiara Poggi; Jacopo Barp; Costantino Romagnoli; Giuseppe Buonocore
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1651-2227     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Author(s)/Acta Paediatrica © 2011 Foundation Acta Paediatrica.
Section of Neonatology, Department of Surgical and Medical Critical Care, Careggi University Hospital of Florence, Viale Morgagni, Florence, Italy Division of Neonatology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy Department of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Reproductive Medicine, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.
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