Document Detail

Culturally relevant nutrition education improves dietary quality among WIC-eligible Vietnamese immigrants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12047839     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To provide culturally appropriate nutrition education to improve the diets of Vietnamese women. DESIGN: A total of 152 homemakers were recruited to participate in a nutrition education project, with 76 receiving the intervention and 76 serving as the control group. SUBJECTS/SETTING: Non-English-speaking women eligible for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) with incomes below 185% of the poverty level living in 5 California counties. INTERVENTION: Bicultural, bilingual Vietnamese-American nutrition education assistants taught 5 to 7 lessons in the Vietnamese language using nutrition education materials written in the Vietnamese language by 2 bilingual, bicultural nutritionists. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Twenty-four-hour food recalls were obtained before and after the 8-week interval on the treatment and control groups. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: To examine if there were changes over time in nutrient intake and nutrient density within groups, matched pair t tests were done. Analysis of covariance techniques determined differences between groups. McNemar tests determined if, within groups, there were changes over time in food groups consumed. Chi-square techniques determined changes between groups. RESULTS: Over time, the number of treatment group participants who had at least one serving from each food group (P <.01), and who had the recommended number of servings from each food group (P <.05), significantly increased in comparison to the control group. Over time, the dietary nutrient density of calcium, riboflavin, and vitamin B6 (P <.05), as well as potassium (P <.01), of treatment group participants significantly improved in comparison to the control group. IMPLICATIONS: With training, bilingual, bicultural women can effectively deliver culturally relevant nutrition education to their peers.
Joanne P Ikeda; Loan Pham; Kim-Phuc Nguyen; Rita Allhoff Mitchell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nutrition education and behavior     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1499-4046     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Publication Date:    2002 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-06-05     Completed Date:  2002-08-15     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101132622     Medline TA:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  151-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Diet / standards*
Food Habits / ethnology
Food Services
Mental Recall
Middle Aged
Nutritional Sciences / education*
United States
Vietnam / ethnology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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