Document Detail

Culling in 50 dairy herds in England.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9123795     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A survey of 50 Friesian/Holstein dairy herds (average size 178 cows) in England investigated the rate of culling and the reasons for disposal and death over three years from 1990 to 1992. The average total annual culling rate was 23.8 per cent (22.0 per cent sold and 1.8 per cent died). Of the disposals, 54 per cent were culled by the end of their fourth lactation. Poor fertility was the most important reason for culling (36.5 per cent of disposals), followed by management policy (11.5 per cent), mastitis (10.1 per cent), bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) (7.4 per cent) and lameness (5.6 per cent). The most common causes of death were mastitis (8.9 per cent) and BSE (11.5 per cent), but 46 per cent died for unknown reasons.
R J Esslemont; M A Kossaibati
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Veterinary record     Volume:  140     ISSN:  0042-4900     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Rec.     Publication Date:  1997 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-24     Completed Date:  1997-04-24     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0031164     Medline TA:  Vet Rec     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  36-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Agriculture, University of Reading, Berkshire.
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MeSH Terms
Aging / physiology
Animal Husbandry / methods*
Cattle / physiology*
Encephalopathy, Bovine Spongiform / epidemiology,  mortality,  physiopathology
England / epidemiology
Infertility, Female / epidemiology,  mortality,  physiopathology
Lactation / physiology
Lameness, Animal / epidemiology,  mortality,  physiopathology
Mastitis, Bovine / epidemiology,  mortality,  physiopathology
Parity / physiology

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