Document Detail

Cryptosporidiosis among animal handlers and their livestock in Basrah, Iraq.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12635763     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of cryptosporidiosis among groups at risk (animal handlers) and among domestic animals. DESIGN: Comparative study with zoonotic aspect. METHOD: Stool samples were collected from 60 animal handlers, 175 non-animal handlers and 198 domestic animals (60 cows, 45 sheep, 45 goats, 25 horses and 23 camels). Direct smear method and then formalin-ether sedimentation method were carried out for stool samples to detect intestinal parasites. Faecal smears were prepared from the sediment and stained by the modified Ziehl-Neelsen method for the recovery of red-pink oocysts of Cryptosporidium. RESULTS: Out of the 60 animal handlers, 30 (50%) were found to be positive for intestinal parasites compared to 26 (14.8%) of non-animal handlers (P < 0.01). Cryptosporidium oocysts were found to be excreted by three (5%) animal handlers and two (1.14%) of the non-animal handlers (P > 0.05). Cryptosporidiosis was also diagnosed in 20%, 13.3%, 17.7% and 12% of cattle, sheep, goats and horses respectively. No single positive case was detected among the examined camels. CONCLUSION: Veterinarians, butchers and breeders should be aware of the disease among farm animals in order to avoid great losses and to prevent its transmission to humans.
N K Mahdi; N H Ali
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  East African medical journal     Volume:  79     ISSN:  0012-835X     ISO Abbreviation:  East Afr Med J     Publication Date:  2002 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-03-14     Completed Date:  2003-03-28     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372766     Medline TA:  East Afr Med J     Country:  Kenya    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  550-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Husbandry*
Animals, Domestic / parasitology*
Case-Control Studies
Cattle Diseases / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  prevention & control,  transmission
Child, Preschool
Cryptosporidiosis / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  prevention & control,  transmission,  veterinary*
Feces / parasitology
Goat Diseases / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  prevention & control,  transmission
Horse Diseases / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  prevention & control,  transmission
Iraq / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Population Surveillance
Sheep Diseases / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  prevention & control,  transmission
Zoonoses / epidemiology*,  transmission

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