Document Detail

A cross-sectional study of the growth characteristics of Nigerian infants from birth to 2 years of age.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19372149     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Malnutrition compromises the growth of children in sub-Saharan Africa. In Nigeria, the prevalence of childhood malnutrition approaches 40%. There are few reports relating the growth characteristics of breast-fed Nigerian infants to the anthropometric properties of their mothers. A total of 100 urban and rural mother/baby pairs were recruited. The mean BMI values of the urban and rural mothers were 24.2 and 21.3 kg m(-2), respectively. The mean length, weight and head circumference of the rural infants were significantly lower than those of the urban infants. Z-scores based on World Health Organization standards showed: (i) length-for-age z-score <-2 in urban (27%) and rural (33%) children; (ii) a higher incidence of underweight and small HC in rural (33%; and 13%) versus urban children (12% and 0%); and (iii) positive correlations between all three z-scores and maternal BMI. Negative correlations were observed between infant age and z-scores for length-for-age, weight-for-age and HC-for-age.
D J VanderJagt; L Waymire; M O Obadofin; N Marjon; R H Glew
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-04-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of tropical pediatrics     Volume:  55     ISSN:  1465-3664     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Trop. Pediatr.     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8010948     Medline TA:  J Trop Pediatr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  356-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001, USA.
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