Document Detail

Cross-cultural temperamental differences in infants, children, and adults in the United States of America and Finland.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22428997     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Cross-cultural differences in temperament were investigated between infants (n = 131, 84 Finns), children (n = 653, 427 Finns), and adults (n = 759, 538 Finns) from the United States of America and Finland. Participants from both cultures completed the Infant Behavior Questionnaire, Childhood Behavior Questionnaire and the Adult Temperament Questionnaire. Across all ages, Americans received higher ratings on temperamental fearfulness than Finnish individuals, and also demonstrated higher levels of other negative affects at several time points. During infancy and adulthood, Finns tended to score higher on positive affect and elements of temperamental effortful control. Gender differences consistent with prior studies emerged cross-culturally, and were found to be more pronounced in the US during childhood and in Finland during adulthood.
Larissa M Gaias; Katri Räikkönen; Niina Komsi; Maria A Gartstein; Philip A Fisher; Samuel P Putnam
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of psychology     Volume:  53     ISSN:  1467-9450     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand J Psychol     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-20     Completed Date:  2012-07-16     Revised Date:  2014-09-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404510     Medline TA:  Scand J Psychol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  119-28     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology © 2012 The Scandinavian Psychological Associations.
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MeSH Terms
Child Behavior / psychology*
Child, Preschool
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Fear / psychology*
Infant Behavior / psychology*
Middle Aged
Sex Factors
United States
Grant Support
R01 HD019739/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD019739-07A2/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD045894/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD045894/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD045894-01A2/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 MH059780/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH059780/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH059780-01A1/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R03 MH0670/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R03 MH067010-01A1/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

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