Document Detail


Cross-cultural medicine and diverse health beliefs. Ethiopians abroad.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9074336     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A large number of Ethiopians reside abroad as refugees, immigrants, or students. To provide adequate care, physicians must understand their beliefs about health and medicine. To Ethiopians, health is an equilibrium between the body and the outside. Excess sun is believed to cause mitch ("sunstroke"), leading to skin disease. Blowing winds are thought to cause pain wherever they hit. Sexually transmitted disease is attributed to urinating under a full moon. People with buda, "evil eye," are said to be able to harm others by looking at them. Ethiopians often complain of rasehn, "my head" (often saying it burns); yazorehnyal, "spinning" (not a true vertigo); and libehn, "my heart" (usually indicating dyspepsia rather than a cardiac problem). Most Ethiopians have faith in traditional healers and procedures. In children, uvulectomy (to prevent presumed suffocation during pharyngitis in babies), the extraction of lower incisors (to prevent diarrhea), and the incision of eyelids (to prevent or cure conjunctivitis) are common. Circumcision is performed on almost all men and 90% of women. Ethiopians do bloodletting for moygnbagegn, a neurologic disease that includes fever and syncope. Chest pain is treated by cupping. Ethiopians often prefer injections to tablets. Bad news is usually given to families of patients and not the patients themselves. Zar is a form of spirit possession treated by a traditional healer negotiating with the alien spirit and giving gifts to the possessed patient. Health education must address Ethiopian concerns and customs.
Authors:
R Hodes
Related Documents :
25196276 - Global health and development in early childhood.
25286166 - Behavioral attitudes and preferences in cooking practices with traditional open-fire st...
17458626 - Contribution of shame and attribution style in developing ptsd among japanese universit...
8468436 - A comparison study of moclobemide and doxepin in major depression with special referenc...
1507036 - Effect of a social cognitive intervention on oral health status, behavior reports, and ...
14710746 - Susceptibility of italian populations of aedes albopictus to temephos and to other inse...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Western journal of medicine     Volume:  166     ISSN:  0093-0415     ISO Abbreviation:  West. J. Med.     Publication Date:  1997 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-17     Completed Date:  1997-04-17     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410504     Medline TA:  West J Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  29-36     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Attitude to Health*
Bloodletting
Chest Pain / therapy
Child
Circumcision, Male
Conjunctivitis / therapy
Cross-Cultural Comparison*
Diarrhea, Infantile / therapy
Dyspepsia
Ethiopia / ethnology
Eyelids / surgery
Female
Humans
Incisor / surgery
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Injections
Male
Medicine, African Traditional*
Middle Aged
Professional-Family Relations
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sunlight
Tooth Extraction
Uvula / surgery
Wind
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  A clinical algorithm for the management of abnormal mammograms. A community hospital's experience.
Next Document:  Characteristics of surgeons with high and low malpractice claims rates.