Document Detail

Cross classification of the New Zealand population by ethnicity and deprivation: trends from 1996 to 2006.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18959546     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To describe trends in the distribution of New Zealand's major ethnic groups by small area deprivation and trends in the ethnic composition of each deprivation category. METHODS: Data sources were the 1996, 2001 and 2006 New Zealand Census of Population and Dwellings. Ethnicity (Māori, Pacific, Asian or European/Other) was defined using total response output. Each person was assigned a deprivation score by geocoding their usual residence (as recorded in the census) to meshblock level. For each time period (1996, 2001 and 2006) the deprivation score for each meshblock was calculated by principal components analysis from nine socio-economic variables included in the corresponding census (the New Zealand Index of Deprivation). RESULTS: Throughout the observation period, Māori and Pacific ethnic groups were over-represented at the more deprived and under-represented at the less deprived end of the deprivation spectrum. The European ethnic group displayed less-marked skewing, and in the opposite direction, while the Asian ethnic group showed close to the expected uniform distribution. Neither the deprivation distribution of any ethnic group, nor the ethnic composition of any deprivation decile, showed any statistically significant change over the 10-year observation period. CONCLUSIONS: Monitoring trends in the relative deprivation distributions of the ethnic groups helps assess progress towards social justice. Similarly, monitoring trends in the ethnic compositions of the different deprivation deciles is important in the formulation of social policy. Little change was found in either of these distributions over the relatively short observation period.
Martin Tobias; Aloka Bhattacharya; Paul White
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Australian and New Zealand journal of public health     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1326-0200     ISO Abbreviation:  Aust N Z J Public Health     Publication Date:  2008 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-30     Completed Date:  2008-12-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9611095     Medline TA:  Aust N Z J Public Health     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  431-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Health and Disability Intelligence, New Zealand Ministry of Health, Wellington, New Zealand.
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MeSH Terms
Asian Continental Ancestry Group
European Continental Ancestry Group
Health Status Disparities
New Zealand
Oceanic Ancestry Group
Odds Ratio
Population Groups / classification*,  ethnology*,  statistics & numerical data
Poverty / ethnology*
Principal Component Analysis
Small-Area Analysis
Social Justice
Vulnerable Populations / classification*,  ethnology*,  statistics & numerical data

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