Document Detail


Critical analysis of outcome determinants affecting repair of intact aneurysms involving the visceral aorta.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16052385     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Visceral (mesenteric and/or renal) ischemia/reperfusion phenomena likely contribute to the greater operative risk associated with pararenal and lower thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAA) repair. To differentiate the relative adverse effects of aortic clamp level, visceral ischemic duration, and various pre- and perioperative factors shared with infrarenal aneurysm patients, a comparative analysis of early and late outcomes after open repair of intact infrarenal and visceral aortic aneurysms was undertaken. A retrospective review of our university experience from 1993-1999/2002 revealed 549 patients (mean age 70 +/- 8 years, 11% female) undergoing open repair of intact, degenerative aneurysms of the infrarenal (n = 391, 71%), juxtarenal (n = 78, 14%), suprarenal (n = 35, 7%), and type IV (n = 40, 7%) and type III (n = 5, 1%) TAA segments. All pararenal aneurysms required suprarenal (SR) or supravisceral (SV, above celiac or superior mesenteric artery) clamp placement. Concomitant renal reconstruction was done in 30% of visceral aortic and 3% of open infrarenal aneurysm repairs. Thirty-day adverse outcomes [death, renal failure (creatinine 2 x baseline or new dialysis), visceral (bowel, hepatic, renal, spinal cord, multiple organ dysfunction), and nonvisceral (cardiac, pulmonary, procedural) complications] were analyzed relative to patient and operative factors using univariate comparisons and multivariate stepwise logistic regression. Perioperative mortality rates varied significantly between aneurysm locations (infrarenal 2.1%, juxtarenal 2.6%, suprarenal 11.4%, TAA 13.3%; p < 0.01) and for clamp locations (infrarenal 2.1%, SR 3.0%, SV 10.8 %; p < 0.01) but were not different between juxtarenal (1.8% vs. 4.4 %) and SR (9.1% vs. 12.5%) aneurysms requiring SR or SV clamping, respectively. Visceral ischemic time (VIT) during SR or SV clamping, and not clamp location, was the only independent predictor of operative mortality [odds ratio (OR) = 10.8, 95% confidence interval (CI) 4-29]. Sensitivity analyses revealed VIT > 32 min to be the strongest predictor of early death. Visceral complication or renal failure affected 34% and 23% of visceral aortic (5% dialysis) and 7% and 5% (1% dialysis) of infrarenal repairs, respectively. VIT > 32 min, SV clamp placement, diabetes, and inflammatory aneurysm repair were each predictive of visceral complications and/or renal failure. Five-year survival rate was similar after visceral aortic (70%) and infrarenal (75%) repairs but negatively impacted only in patients with prior infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and recurrent aneurysms (OR = 2.8, 95% CI 1.2-6.9). The high incidence of early adverse outcomes following repair of pararenal and lower thoracoabdominal aneurysms is primarily associated with excessive periods of renal and/or gut ischemia during visceral aortic clamp placement. However, nearly equivalent early and late survival was seen for visceral aortic and infrarenal repairs when VIT < 32 min was achieved.
Authors:
Martin R Back; Matthew Bandyk; Michael Bradner; David Cuthbertson; Brad L Johnson; Murray L Shames; Dennis F Bandyk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of vascular surgery     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0890-5096     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Vasc Surg     Publication Date:  2005 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-31     Completed Date:  2005-12-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703941     Medline TA:  Ann Vasc Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  648-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, FL 33606, USA. mback@hsc.usf.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / surgery*
Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation / adverse effects*
Female
Humans
Ischemia / etiology*
Male
Middle Aged
Prognosis
Renal Circulation
Reperfusion Injury / etiology
Retrospective Studies
Splanchnic Circulation
Survival Analysis
Treatment Outcome
Viscera / blood supply*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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