Document Detail

Critical torque, estimated time to exhaustion, and anaerobic work capacity from linear and nonlinear mathematical models.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19915500     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Theoretically, critical torque (CT) is the maximal isometric torque that can be maintained without fatigue, and anaerobic work capacity (AWC) is the total "isometric work" associated with stored energy sources within the muscle. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was twofold: 1) to determine whether there were differences among the estimates of CT and AWC from linear and nonlinear mathematical models and 2) to compare the estimated time to exhaustion (ETTE) values associated with the CT estimates from the linear and nonlinear mathematical models. METHODS: Nine adult subjects (mean +/- SD age = 21.6 +/- 1.2 yr) performed three or four continuous, fatiguing, isometric muscle actions of the leg extensors at 30%, 45%, 60%, and 75% of maximum voluntary isometric contraction to determine the time to exhaustion (Tlim) values. Five mathematical models (two linear, two nonlinear, and one exponential) were used to estimate CT and AWC (the exponential model did not estimate AWC) from the relationships between "isometric work" or torque and Tlim. Individual torque versus Tlim curves was also generated from the fatiguing isometric muscle actions to calculate the ETTE values. RESULTS: The exponential model resulted in greater mean CT and lower ETTE values than the other models. There were no significant differences, however, between models for AWC. CONCLUSION: Torque-curve analyses indicated that the mean ETTE values range from 7.26 to 16.98 min, and therefore all five CT models (23.0 to 37.0 N x m) overestimated the torque levels that could be maintained for an extended period without fatigue.
C Russell Hendrix; Terry J Housh; Michelle Mielke; Jorge M Zuniga; Clayton L Camic; Glen O Johnson; Richard J Schmidt
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1530-0315     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-20     Completed Date:  2010-02-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2185-90     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Exercise / physiology*
Isometric Contraction / physiology
Models, Statistical
Muscle Fatigue / physiology*
Physical Endurance / physiology*
Time Factors
Young Adult

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