Document Detail


Crisis management during anaesthesia: problems associated with drug administration during anaesthesia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15933288     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Modern anaesthetic practice relies upon the administration of a wide range of potent drugs given by a variety of routes, at times in haste or under conditions of stress. Problems associated with drug administration make up the largest group of incidents reported during anaesthesia, with outcomes including major morbidity and death. It was decided to examine the role of a structured approach to the diagnosis and management of drug problems under anaesthesia. OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of a previously described core algorithm "COVER ABCD-A SWIFT CHECK", supplemented by a specific sub-algorithm for drug problems, in the detection and management of drug problems occurring in association with anaesthesia. METHODS: The potential performance of this structured approach for the relevant incidents among the first 4000 incidents reported to the Australian Incident Monitoring Study (AIMS) was compared with the actual performances as reported by the anaesthetists involved. RESULTS: Among the first 4000 reports received by AIMS there were 1199 reports which detailed 1361 incidents involving the use of drugs. Contributing factors named included errors of judgement (20%), lack of attention (17%), and drugs deemed to have been given in haste. Major morbidity or prolonged stay ensued in over one quarter of reports and 15 patients (1.25%) died. Drug overdose, side effects, and allergic reactions accounted for the majority of serious outcomes. CONCLUSION: It was judged that the use of the COVER-ABCD algorithm during the course of an anaesthetic, properly applied, would prevent many drug related incidents from occurring. The sub-algorithm presented here provides a systematic framework for detecting the causes of drug related incidents.
Authors:
A D Paix; M F Bullock; W B Runciman; J A Williamson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Quality & safety in health care     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1475-3901     ISO Abbreviation:  Qual Saf Health Care     Publication Date:  2005 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-06-03     Completed Date:  2007-04-19     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136980     Medline TA:  Qual Saf Health Care     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e15     Citation Subset:  H    
Affiliation:
Princess Royal University Hospital, Orpington, Kent, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Algorithms
Anesthesia / adverse effects*
Anesthesiology / methods*,  standards
Anesthetics, Intravenous / administration & dosage,  adverse effects*
Australia
Emergencies*
Humans
Intraoperative Complications / therapy*
Manuals as Topic
Medication Errors
Monitoring, Intraoperative
Risk Management
Task Performance and Analysis
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anesthetics, Intravenous
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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