Document Detail


Criminal Psychology in Franco's Police.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23336544     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Criminal Psychology in Franco's Police. Background: Francisco J. de Echalecu (1897-1957) was a Spanish psychiatrist who held important positions, such as Psychology Professor at the Academia General de Policía and Neuropsychiatrist at the Dirección General de Seguridad. Method: This work provides a brief biography of Echalecu and analyzes the transcriptions of his classes on Criminal Psychology of 1942, his Criminal Psychology from 1947 as well as his involvement in the case of the torture of Communist leader Heriberto Quiñones. Results: We describe his project of a totalitarian Psychology and his proposal of social intervention, including eugenic methodologies as well as forced reclusion for those labeled as asocial. The adaptation in Spain of the totalitarian psychological project to the new international reality after the Second World War is also described. Conclusions: In Spain a "final solution" for criminals and political dissidents has been prepared, which was inspired by the Nazi criminal policies and promoted by Dr. Echalecu from Spain's higher police body, the DGS. This project was frustrated by the German defeat in the world war and the only thing left from the original project was the arbitrary application of the Ley de Vagos y Maleantes [an antivagrancy law] to those individuals labeled as "asocial".
Authors:
Javier Bandrés; Rafael Llavona; Eva Zubieta
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psicothema     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1886-144X     ISO Abbreviation:  Psicothema     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101189384     Medline TA:  Psicothema     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  SPA     Pagination:  55-60     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Universidad Complutense de Madrid.
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