Document Detail


Cricoid pressure prevents placement of the laryngeal tube and laryngeal tube-suction II.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17573388     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The laryngeal tube has a potential role in patients with a difficult airway, but cricoid pressure is required if the patient is at risk of aspiration. The effect of cricoid pressure on insertion of these devices is unknown. METHODS: In a randomized cross-over study, the laryngeal tube (25 patients) or the laryngeal tube-suction II (15 patients) was inserted with cricoid pressure applied on one occasion and with sham pressure on the other occasion. Adequacy of ventilation, time to achieve adequate ventilation, and the leak pressure were assessed. RESULTS: Ventilation was adequate in all patients when sham pressure was applied. Cricoid pressure significantly reduced the rate of adequate ventilation to 6 of 25 patients for the laryngeal tube [P < 0.001; 95% confidence interval (CI) for difference: 59-93%] and to 5 of 15 patients for the laryngeal tube-suction II (P < 0.05; 95% CI for difference: 43-91%). The median time taken to achieve adequate ventilation for the laryngeal tube was 10 s [inter-quartile range (IQR): 8-15] (range 5-26) for sham pressure and 25 s (15-32) (15-33) for cricoid pressure; the median leak pressure was 30 (IQR: 30-30) (range 20-30) cm H2O for sham pressure and 15.5 (14.3-20.5) (12-22) cm H2O for cricoid pressure. CONCLUSIONS: Continuous cricoid pressure prevents correct placement of the laryngeal tube and the laryngeal tube-suction II such that placement and ventilation via these devices are ineffective. The effect of cricoid pressure on ventilation via these devices, after correct placement, remains unknown.
Authors:
T Asai; R W L Goy; E H C Liu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial     Date:  2007-06-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of anaesthesia     Volume:  99     ISSN:  0007-0912     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Anaesth     Publication Date:  2007 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-07-09     Completed Date:  2007-08-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372541     Medline TA:  Br J Anaesth     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  282-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Airway Obstruction / etiology*
Cricoid Cartilage*
Cross-Over Studies
Equipment Design
Female
Humans
Intubation, Intratracheal / methods
Laryngeal Masks* / adverse effects
Male
Middle Aged
Pneumonia, Aspiration / prevention & control
Pressure
Suction

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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