Document Detail


Cricoid pressure impedes insertion of, and ventilation through, the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway in anesthetized, paralyzed patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17456674     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: We designed this prospective self-controlled study to assess whether cricoid pressure hampers placement of and ventilation through the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (ProSeal LMA) in anesthetized, paralyzed adult patients. METHODS: After induction of anesthesia, the ProSeal LMA was inserted using the introducer tool with cricoid pressure advanced as far as possible, and the cuff pressure was set at 60 cm H2O. Ventilation adequacy and anatomic position were scored using measures previously described for ProSeal LMA assessment. Airway seal pressure was recorded. Cricoid pressure was then released, the ProSeal LMA further advanced and reseated, and the assessment repeated. RESULTS: Lung ventilation scores, anatomic position scores, and airway seal pressure were significantly better after release of cricoid pressure and reseating of the ProSeal LMA than in the first position, where the ProSeal LMA was seated with cricoid pressure (P < 0.05). Expiratory tidal volume during intermittent positive pressure ventilation was similar with and without cricoid pressure, but peak inspiratory pressure decreased from 28 cm H(2)O with cricoid pressure to 14 cm H(2)O without cricoid pressure (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Cricoid pressure applied before insertion hampered proper placement of the ProSeal LMA. Temporary cricoid pressure release during insertion allowed the device to be advanced to the proper position. After correct placement of the ProSeal LMA, application of cricoid pressure did not change tidal volume, but produced a significant increase in peak inspiratory pressure.
Authors:
Cheng W Li; Fu S Xue; Ya C Xu; Yi Liu; Peng Mao; Kun P Liu; Quan Y Yang; Guo H Zhang; Hai T Sun
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anesthesia and analgesia     Volume:  104     ISSN:  1526-7598     ISO Abbreviation:  Anesth. Analg.     Publication Date:  2007 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-04-25     Completed Date:  2007-05-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1310650     Medline TA:  Anesth Analg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1195-8, tables of contents     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Shi-Jing-Shan District, Beijing, People's Republic of China.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Anesthesia, Intravenous / instrumentation,  methods*
Cross-Over Studies
Female
Humans
Intubation, Intratracheal / instrumentation,  methods*
Laryngeal Masks*
Male
Middle Aged
Paralysis* / chemically induced
Pressure
Prospective Studies
Respiration, Artificial / instrumentation,  methods*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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