Document Detail

Crestal bone reactions to immediate implants placed at different levels in relation to crestal bone. A pilot study in Foxhound dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23346955     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate bone-to-implant contact (BIC) and bone remodeling dynamics after immediate implant placement at different levels in relation to the crestal bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mandibular second, third, and fourth premolars of six Foxhound dogs were extracted bilaterally. Randomly, three implants were immediately placed in the hemi-arches of each dog, crestally or 2 mm subcrestally. Three dogs were allowed an 8-week submerged healing period, and the other three at 12-week submerged healing period. The animals were sacrificed at 12 weeks and samples were obtained. Biopsies were processed for ground sectioning. Histomorphometric analysis was carried out to compare BIC, bone neoformation, and bone remodeling. RESULTS: All implants osseointegrated clinically and histologically. Healing patterns examined microscopically at eight and twelve weeks for both groups (crestal and subcrestal) yielded similar qualitative bone findings. The Total BIC mean value for the crestal group 44.52% at 8 weeks and 39.50% at 12 weeks, and for the subcrestal group was 47.33% at 8 weeks and 53.85% at 12 weeks%. There was less bone resorption in the subcrestal group (test) than in crestal group (control). CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of this study, our findings suggest that apical positioning of the top of the implant does not jeopardize bone crest and peri-implant tissue remodeling. However, less resorption of the lingual crest may be expected when implants are placed 2 mm subcrestally. Moreover, higher BIC values were found in implants placed subcrestally.
José L Calvo-Guirado; Ana Boquete-Castro; Bruno Negri; Rafael Delgado Ruiz; Gerardo Gómez-Moreno; Giovanna Iezzi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical oral implants research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1600-0501     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Oral Implants Res     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9105713     Medline TA:  Clin Oral Implants Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Department of General and Implant Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.
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