Document Detail


Cremated human remains: is measurement of the lateral angle of the meatus acusticus internus a reliable method of sex determination?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23344564     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the lateral angle (LA) method-based on the measurement of the angle at which the internal acoustic canal opens up to the surface of the petrous bone-for sex determination in cremated skeletal remains of Italians. The sample consisted of 160 adult individuals of known age and sex who had recently died and were cremated in the crematorium of Ferrara (northern Italy). Several studies have demonstrated that the petrous portion of the temporal bone may be a valuable tool for sex diagnosis in unburned skeletal remains. Since petrous bones are usually preserved after cremation, this method could be of particular interest in the case of burned skeletal remains. The repeatability of intra- and inter-observer measurements was good. The results indicated that male and female lateral angles were significantly different but that the values did not differ among age-groups. There was no bilateral difference in LA. However, neither the 45° angle, proposed in earlier studies as the sectioning point for this variable from male and female data distributions, nor another angular value allowed satisfactory discrimination between the sexes in our sample. The influence of the "age" factor (about 82 % of females were of ≥75 years of age) on the results is critically discussed. The results of this study suggest that the LA method is not sufficiently reliable to assess the sex of elderly Italian individuals from their burned remains and thus should only be used in conjunction with other sexing techniques.
Authors:
Sabrina Masotti; Elisa Succi-Leonelli; Emanuela Gualdi-Russo
Related Documents :
12285204 - Three challenges of china's population in the 1990s.
25121714 - Notes from the field: malnutrition and elevated mortality among refugees from south sud...
23297834 - The use of high frequency ultrasound imaging in skin moisturization measurement.
10364554 - Reexamining fire suppression impacts on brushland fire regimes
1905294 - Thyroid stimulating hormone response to thyrotropin in prepubertal depression.
22566314 - Anthropometric methods for obesity screening in schoolchildren: the ouro preto study.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of legal medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1437-1596     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Legal Med.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9101456     Medline TA:  Int J Legal Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Biomedical Sciences and Surgery Specialties, University of Ferrara, 44100, Ferrara, Italy.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Residual tumour volumes and grey zones after external beam radiotherapy (with or without chemotherap...
Next Document:  Sex differences in the enhanced responsiveness to acute angiotensin II in growth-restricted rats: ro...